How To Cite A Book Reference With Multiple Authors Bibliography

If no author or creator is provided, start the citation with the title/name of the item you are citing instead. Follow the title/name of the item with the date of publication, and the continue with other citation details.

Remember: an author/creator may be an organization or corporation, for example Health Canada. If you don't have a person's name as the author, but do have the name of an organization or corporation, put that organization/corporation's name as the author.

Anonymous

If and only if an item is signed as being created by Anonymous, use "Anonymous" where you'd normally put the author's name.

In-Text

When you have no author, use a shortened version of the title where you'd normally put the author's name.

If you're citing something which is part of a bigger work, like an article from a magazine, newspaper, journal, encyclopedia, or chapter/short story from a book, put the shortened title in quotation marks in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: ("A few words," 2014)

If you're citing an entire work, like a book, website, video, etc., italicize the shortened title in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: (A few words, 2014)

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)

     

NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al. and the year.

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)

 

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  

 

Example 1 (In-text citation rule for 3-5 authors)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)

 

      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)

 

References:

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.doi:10.1080/02615470020028364

 

Example 2 (In-text citation rule for 6 authors or more)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Dietz et al., 2007)
 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1518)

 

References:

Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C.     (2007).Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.061118936

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